Eduard Slavoljub Penkala
Collection titleVijesti iz kulture
First broadcast date01/24/2006
AbstractSlavoljub Eduard Penkala (20 April 1871 – 5 February 1922) was a Croatian engineer and inventor of Polish-Jewish and Dutch ethnicity. Eduard Penkala was born in Liptovský Mikuláš (in what is now Slovakia), to Franciszek Pękała, who was of Polish heritage, and Maria Pękała (née Hannel), who was of Dutch heritage. He attended the University of Vienna and Technische Universität Dresden, graduating from the latter in 1898 and going on to earn a doctorate in organic chemistry. He then moved with his wife and family to Zagreb (which was then in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, also part of Austria-Hungary) and subsequently added "Slavoljub" (the equivalent of slavophile) to his name, becoming a naturalized Croat. He became renowned for further development of the mechanical pencil (1906), then called an "automatic pencil", and the first solid-ink fountain pen (1907). Collaborating with an entrepreneur by the name of Edmund Moster, he started the Penkala-Moster Company and built a pen-and-pencil factory that was one of the biggest in the world at the time. This company, now called TOZ-Penkala, still exists today. TOZ stands for "Tvornica olovaka Zagreb", which means "Zagreb pencil factory".
- HRT - Own production
BroadcasterHRT - HRT
Primary themeContemporary historical challenges 19th-20th c.
- Economy / Techniques and technologies
Credits / Cast
- Šegedin Miriovsky Sanja - Journalist
- Sokolović Zlatko - Photographer
Period of events
- Croatia - Central Croatia - Zagreb
Media running time2m5
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